Heterotaxy syndrome is a congenital condition that disrupts the normal left-right asymmetry of the body. This can result in any of the internal organs being misplaced, malformed, multiplied, or missing entirely. This disruption in asymmetry ensures that no two cases of heterotaxy are exactly alike.
The cause of heterotaxy syndrome is not fully understood; some genetic links are being explored, but not all cases have been found to have a genetic cause, so research is still needed.
Individuals with heterotaxy syndrome require lifelong multidisciplinary care and medical monitoring.